Skip to Content
facebook facebook twitter twitter facebook facebook twitter twitter

Smart Business Essentials

English  |  Español

EN  |  SP

Practical Business Skills

Security and Fraud

Taking your business digital has huge advantages, but makes you more vulnerable to fraud, particularly when it comes to online sales. It is easier to commit fraud online rather than in-store and scammers have found many ways to take advantage of your online business. However, there are steps you can take to prevent fraud and data theft to protect your business and your customers.

Types of Fraud

Types of Fraud

Credit Card Fraud
Stolen credit cards can be found on the dark web and used for online purchases. These transactions may look legitimate and not be flagged by the credit card company, so the transaction is processed. Ultimately you may have to refund the customer whose credit card was stolen, even after you’ve completed the purchase and even fulfilled the order.

Affiliate Fraud
In affiliate marketing, businesses pay a referral commission to affiliates who recommend the product through a unique, trackable link. Affiliate scammers can create fake activity to increase the commissions.

Chargeback Fraud
Presenting as a regular customer, these scammers make a purchase online only to dispute the transaction with their bank at a later date. The bank then demands the business refund the purchase even though the order of goods or services was already completed.

Account Fraud/Phishing Schemes
Many businesses allow customers to create accounts that store purchase history, contact and payment information. In phishing schemes, scammers will send fake emails to customers to solicit account information to then make fraudulent purchases using their account. The emails appear exactly as an official message would from the business, making it impossible for customers to pick up on.

Often, social media accounts are used as login credentials which can be easier for criminals to hack, leading to multiple defrauded businesses.

Card Testing
Making small, frequent purchases using stolen credit cards, card testing schemes allow fraudsters to find out which credit cards are valid without raising red flags. Once they know which credit card is active, they move onto bigger purchases.

Prepaid Card Fraud
Virtual prepaid and gift cards have become increasingly popular and can be great for business. However, prepaid card fraud can occur in a few different ways. Scammers can hack into online retail stores to obtain prepaid card numbers and activation codes, resell prepaid cards purchased with stolen credit cards, and even scan barcodes off of physical cards in-store to then later redeem online.

How to Identify Fraud

  1. Unusual orders: you know what a typical order looks like for your business, so anything out of the ordinary deserves a second look.
  2. Inconsistent address: Vastly different billing and shipping addresses, or multiple shipping addresses using the same billing address may indicate fraud.
  3. Multiple declined transactions.
  4. Multiple orders using different credit cards with the same contact information.

Ways to Prevent Fraud

  1. Conduct regular security checks on your website using checklists designed for businesses of your size.
  2. Use an Address Verification Service through your credit card processor or bank to flag strange billing addresses.
  3. Use Card Verification Value (CVV) numbers on credit cards to ensure customers are accessing the physical card to make the purchase.
  4. Try an anti-fraud solution. As your business grows, this may become a worthwhile investment to protect your business against fraud.
  5. If a transaction seems suspicious, research the customer online to see if any other businesses have reported fraudulent activity.

Digital employee experience

You can’t take your business digital alone. Your employees and customers need to be excited and engaged as well. Make sure that your employees are prepared by keeping them involved in the process from start to finish. Some employees may be especially interested in making digital updates; they can be put in charge of digital initiatives. Others might be more reluctant: it will be important to touch base with these employees throughout the process to ensure their continued buy in.

Employee skills
Regardless of their comfort level, going digital is an opportunity for all employees to learn new skills and demonstrate leadership. It’s possible to go digital without any coding skills, but if you have an employee interested in developing those skills, consider helping them enroll in a course or program. Going digital also creates a lot of data about your business. If you have an employee interested in data analytics, ask them to be responsible for generating, analyzing and developing takeaways from your digital data.

If another employee is a good writer or has a good eye, you might put them in charge of developing your website and your social media presence. Creating these important representations of your company will require that they think about the customer’s experience and come up with creative ways to express how your company can help customers. Not only will this give them the opportunity to develop new skills, but they will also be able to interact with customers directly through social media and the “Contact us” features of your website. If none of your employees have digital skills or the ability to learn then, you may have to hire new, more digitally-experienced employees. Learn more about selling online and digital customer experience.

Helping your employees
Just as you put effort into the
digital customer experience, you should try to make digital interactions as easy for your employees as possible. There are many digital tools for employees. Human resources software solutions make it easy for employees to access their benefits, request time off and manage how they will be paid. Digitize the way you pay employees to make payroll easier.

Think about the way your employees will communicate with their supervisors and with each other. There are many digital communication tools to consider, including email, text messages and instant messaging services. Some may include video conferencing or calling functions. Choose the one that will work best for your organization.

There may be other aspects of the employee experience that you can digitize, like time tracking, intranets and file sharing. Always talk to your employees about where they are having issues and how you can help them; this will help you prioritize digital tools.

Disclaimer: No Legal Advice Intended
This site provides general information related to creating and running a business. The content of this site is for informational purposes only and not for the purpose of providing legal or tax advice or opinions. The contents of this site, and the viewing of the information on this site, should not be construed as, and should not be relied upon for, legal, financial or tax advice in any particular circumstance or fact situation. No action should be taken in reliance on the information contained on this site, and Visa Inc. disclaims all liability in respect to actions taken or not taken based on any or all of the contents of this site to the fullest extent permitted by law. You should contact an attorney to obtain advice with respect to any particular legal or tax issue or problem, including those relating to your current or potential business.

The contents of this site have been developed for a U.S. audience.